The Overweight Body: How Excess Fat Effects Your Organs Among the major health risks of being overweight or obese and carrying overly excessive body fat is that this fat can begin to affect the proper way in which all your organs function. While most individuals are more concern about how the excess body fat makes you look, they must never ignore the influence of those fat on their overall body functioning. Let us take a closer look at some of the major health risks that excess fat may pose on your organs. Obesity can have potential health risks on the reproductive system, depending upon how much and where the body fat is stored. Overweight men may not have properly functioning reproductive organs and may in fact become infertile. If a man is obese and the couple is facing conceiving issue, this should certainly be looked into as this could be the primary reason why. For women, carrying excessive body fat can also pose a problem.
Typically when a woman carries too little fat in their body, it causes menstruation to stop, but too much body fat in some extreme cases can impede menstruation as well. The next group of organs that will be affected by excessive body fat is your digestive system. When excessive body fat is stored in the body, the pancreas and liver may begin to malfunction. If there is a continual high consumption of glucose rich diets which escalates weight gain, the pancreas may become very overworked as it is forced to increase insulin production. This can potentially damage the pancreas and you will face long-term health problems such as the development of diabetes. Taking a healthy diet with all the essential nutrients and plenty of dietary fiber will help maintain the digestive system organs in proper functionality. So far, researchers haven’t been able to establish any connection between obesity and most cancers except for colon cancer.
Among obese men and women, colorectal cancers occur at a startling rate. People who are obese are more than twice as likely to die from colorectal cancer as those with healthy weights. Experts suspect they are due to two main reasons: 1. A diet high in red meats and processed meats (such as luncheon meats, hotdogs), a factor common to patients suffering from colon polyps – an early symptom of colon cancer. 2. A raised level of insulin or insulin-related growth factor in the blood. It’s not known how exactly these factors influence colorectal cancer development.
Maintaining an optimal body weight can help prevent colorectal cancer. A healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains can lower the risk of colorectal cancer. Exercising and physical activity are also helpful in lowering the risk of colorectal cancer. Another group of organs that will significantly be affected by excess body fat is the cardiovascular system organs. As high cholesterol levels occur in the body, an increase in plaque build-up may take place in the blood vessels and the heart will have to work very much harder to transport all that additional weight in the body. The incidence for blood clots also increases; making blood circulation slows down throughout. This can become more and more strenuous to the system and eventually lead to heart disease or even heart attack.
Maintaining an optimal body weight is crucial for good cardiovascular condition and losing excess weight will see your heart function improves significantly. Obesity may affect our brains as well. Researchers discovered that brains of the obese don’t work as effectively as their slimmer counterparts. Obesity significantly deteriorates memory and other features of thinking and reasoning. Studies in recent years indicated that individuals with obesity linked diseases, such as metabolic syndrome, score poorer on cognitive tests compared to normal weight individuals. The cognitive (brain power and thinking ability, especially memory and learning) decline was most significant in those with both obesity and metabolic syndrome (hypertension, heart disease and diabetes type 2). Studies showed that the connections (‘wires’) in the brain faculties for memory and decision-making are hyperactive in the obese because inflammation and hypertension irritate the brain and reduce its efficiency, like a bad telephone connection.
The white matter sheathing that surrounds the connections has been found more damaged in the brains of the obese, causing messages to falter and fail to arrive at their destinations through the cognitive highways. . Some experts believe that obesity may impact brain condition as it becomes harder for blood to reach the brain, as in the case of high blood pressure and heart disease. Researchers have also found that overweight individuals stand a greater risk for suffering from dementia (chronic mental disorder) as they grow older. Studies also indicated that the brains of the obese are particularly poor at regulating impulsive behavior (rapid unplanned reactions), which makes it hard for them to identify and reject unhealthy food, leading to a vicious circle. Like the heart, the lungs also face potential health risk in the obese. A study found that an increase in the amount of adipose tissue (for the storage of fat) due to excess fat reduces the lungs’ total capacity for oxygen.
This poses a significant risk for poor ventilation of the respiratory system and worsen existing respiratory diseases. Ailing lung function prevents blood vessels from getting enough oxygen. Therefore obese individuals are more prone to obstructive sleep apnea than the non-obese. A breathing obstruction at night in the obese could turn fatal. Obesity can cause damage to the skin too. Cosmetic flaws such as stretch marks are only one of the outcomes of obesity. Excess fat can lead to hormone changes that may affect the skin as follows: So, maintaining healthy skin is vital.
Losing weight is a good way to help maintain your skin health. So these are the different organ systems that will be affected when you begin to grow overweight and obese. Being overweight and obese is much more than just about looks. If you’re not aware you could experience some serious health risks over time, so take measures to address the weight problem if you have one. For better dietary achievement, eat a diet that’s high in fruits and vegetables, rich in lean proteins, and that consists of suitable quantities of healthy fats such as fatty fish, olive oil, nuts and peanut butters. Also make yourself less sedentary and lead a healthy lifestyle through regular exercise and workouts and get more involved in daily physical activities.